Professor Garland Allen will finish a book on eugenics that emphasizes its social, political, and cultural context in order to explore how such movements get started, are propagated, and evolve over time. Based on over thirty years of research, Allen's project de-couples the major emphasis of the Eugenics movement from the Nazis, the most notorious participants in it, because such emphasis "has tended to obscure the far less dramatic factors that led to the proliferation of eugenic ideas in a wide variety of countries, especially the United States between 1900 and 1940." A larger theme in Allen's work is generally how modern society has used and abused "science, specifically genetics, to promote seemingly rational solution to large-scale social problems," particularly movements to eradicate "social pathologies."
Professor Marilyn Friedman's book project explores the meanings, motivations, and moral import of terrorist acts by women. The project draws on historical and biographical accounts of female terrorists from diverse social contexts and time periods, as well as philosophical literatures dealing with relevant normative concepts such as responsibility, moral justification, and social epistemology. Friedman will be working on the question of whether female terrorists should be held to the same standards of moral and legal responsibility as men who commit similar actions. She anticipates finishing two chapters during her fellowship period. The first will explore the abstract concept of moral responsibility and consider whether there are moral analogies to certain defenses now used in criminal law to deny legal responsibility for criminal acts. The second chapter will apply the preceding conclusions about moral responsibility to various cases of female terrorists.
Professor Schraibman's intention is to write a book in English on the subject of the Iberian Inquisition, its history and literature. No such study exists to date, and only one in Spanish dealing with medieval and Golden age texts. Schraibman's plan is to give a synthetic overview of research on the Inquisition, then, to study chronologically eight to ten key novels, from Cornelia Bororquia (1799) to works by Borges and Fuentes, explicating their historical and structural components by putting them in the context of other literatures in Spain and abroad.