Center for the Humanities in Arts & Sciences
College of Architecture and Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design
Why St. Louis?
Why Washington University?
Specific components of the initiative
Faculty and curriculum development
Archiving St. Louis
School and community outreach
Project administration and advisory committee
With the generous support of the Mellon Foundation, the Center for the Humanities, in partnership with the College of Architecture and Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design, has launched a four-year Urban Humanities Initiative on “The Divided City.” Our goal is to bring humanities scholars into productive interdisciplinary dialogue with architects, urban designers, landscape architects, legal scholars, sociologists, geographers, GIS cartographers, and others around one of the most persistent and vexing issues in urban studies: segregation.
We recognize that the term “segregation” has particular historical meaning in U.S. contexts, but following the frameworks suggested by Carl H. Nightingale’s Segregation: A Global History of Divided Cities and Seth Low’s collection, Theorizing the City, we contend that the “divided city” and “segregation” are concepts that can be theorized globally. By “segregation” we mean not only once-legal racial separation in the United States or South Africa, but also persistent and widespread issues related to cities divided along racial, cultural, and economic lines through the spatial divisions found in so many parts of the world. These issues include social isolation and fragmentation, loneliness, environmental risks, and lack of access to basic services such as food, transit, health care, and public education. In short, our aim is to employ “segregation” as a theoretical framework, as we explore the reciprocal relationship between urban forms and social change.
The Divided City Initiative focuses on how segregation in this broad sense has and often continues to play out as a set of spatial practices in cities, neighborhoods, and public spaces, including schools, health facilities, and entertainment venues. Using the St. Louis metropolitan area as one of our research sites, we intend to explore the intersecting social and spatial practices of urban separation locally and globally.
While a case can be made that segregation has been a feature of urban life since ancient times, with the expansion of European empires and the consolidation of colonial urban spaces in the modern world, segregation increasingly became a mechanism for dividing and managing urban space along lines of color and economic privilege or, better, through the mutually constitutive forces of race and class. As humanities scholars, our core concern is with the ways people experience the boundaries of urban segregation: how they move within, beyond, and across what appear to be hard and fast “color lines” in housing, education, sports, public services, entertainment, and transportation. On a GIS map or in an urban census, the Divided City — be it Johannesburg, St. Louis, Rio de Janeiro, or elsewhere — is stark and unyielding in its contrasts. But how do people experience urban space and urban life in the Divided City? How do they make meaning, form communities, do their daily shopping, socialize, build political organizations? What kinds of stories do they tell about living separate lives? When do they adhere to the lines? When, where, and how do they cross them? If segregation creates very real lines of difference — of brutal and dehumanizing inequality — then it also obscures a whole range of social relations that transgress, sometimes in very subtle ways, the stark lines of the Divided City. It is those stories — not only of transgression, but of meaning, of community, of art, of sport, and of struggle — that the Humanities uncover.
For educators in Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urban Design, history reveals the formal design strategies that have facilitated, supported, challenged, or problematized the Divided City. These range from monumental structures that have embodied the values of cities and states through practices of legal and covert spatial segregation to a variety of reform efforts that have attempted to ameliorate or replace patterns of separation with new urban and metropolitan patterns. These range from tenement reform and the Garden City movement to the professionalization of urban planning and various twentieth-century forms of radical urbanism, which were intended, often unsuccessfully, to produce new and more just societies but in the end sparked postmodernist reactions against them. When we add global urbanization at an unprecedented speed and scale to this history, we see the need for new practices and new ways of thinking and of teaching, in order to transform the futures of the world’s divided cities.
By forging scholarly connections between the Humanities and Architecture and Urban Design at Washington University, we seek to build the Urban Humanities as an interdisciplinary curricular and research strength. Through our combined, collaborative efforts, we are prioritizing 1) the development and expansion of accessible sources for scholarly research on segregation in the St. Louis metropolitan area (through the development of special collections, archival preservation, and digital humanities projects); and 2) the study of recent and contemporary interventions aimed at increasing urban public space and public infrastructure, which are often an essential mechanism for the dissolution of the Divided City. We consider it absolutely critical that our local efforts unfold in dialogue with national and global scholarship on segregation, separation, inequality, and the urban divide. Our efforts are thus necessarily both local and global.
In undertaking this initiative on the 250th anniversary of St. Louis’s founding, we are building upon what is, in many ways, the unique history of St. Louis — a colonial (French and Spanish) city whose origins date to the late seventeenth century. In the nineteenth century, St. Louis was not just the “gateway” for U.S. imperial expansion westward; it stood on the dividing line between North and South, between slavery and freedom. After the Second World War, St. Louis was the site of landmark legal cases on segregation, including the 1948 Shelley v. Kramer, in which the Supreme Court ruled that states could not enforce racial covenants on real estate properties. In 1954, St. Louis’s massive modernist urban housing project, Pruitt-Igoe (designed by Minoru Yamasaki, who also designed Lambert-St. Louis International Airport and New York’s World Trade Center), was heralded across the world as a solution to segregation and urban decline. In 1972, less than twenty years later and as the world looked on, the first of the project’s thirty-three structures was imploded and with it whatever dreams remained of desegregation and urban renewal. It is not mere happenstance that one of the most important books on GIS and segregation in the U.S. is Colin Gordon’s Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City.
As part of its strategic plan for expansion, the Center for the Humanities, which is located in Washington University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, is working to build strong interdisciplinary ties across the university as a whole. Arts and Sciences already has in place a number of sites of interdisciplinary collaboration on urban issues, including our undergraduate major in Urban Studies and our Center on Urban Research and Public Policy. Since 2007, the university has hosted The City Seminar, founded by a professor of architecture and a professor of history, which provides a forum through which scholars across disciplines and from colleges and universities throughout the St. Louis area share ideas, research methods, theories, and topics on urban issues in the United States and abroad. The City Seminar has been especially effective in bringing Architecture, Urban Design, and Humanities scholars into regular dialogue. In addition, our American Culture Studies program has just launched a five-year project, “Modern Segregation and the Roots of Structural Racism.” The project is staging faculty collaboration through a sequence of major workshops (2014); an international conference on “Modern Segregation in the U.S.” on the fiftieth anniversary of the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, with particular engagement with the St. Louis case (2015); and culminating in a co-authored University of Chicago Press book, Modern Segregation and the Roots of Structural Racism (2018).
The Divided City project also builds upon important initiatives within the College of Architecture and Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design, including its Master of Urban Design program (the second oldest in the country, founded in 1962) and a Master of Science in Architectural Studies program, with a History and Theory track. The Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts will soon also offer a three-year doctorate in Sustainable Urbanism, which will be substantially engaged with advancing research on issues of public health, public space, and urban public infrastructure. Architecture also has a long-standing tradition of integrating community engagement with professional education, including influential work done by Oscar Newman in the 1960s in the Urban Research and Design Center (URDC) on defensible space, and more recently through initiatives such as City Studio and the Alberti program, which connect directly with St. Louis neighborhoods and young public school students.
The components of the Divided City Initiative include support for the following: 1) Faculty and Curriculum Development, 2) Archiving St. Louis, and 3) School and Community Outreach. Our goal is to fully integrate the Urban Humanities at Washington University across the curriculum.
I. FACULTY AND CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
a. Faculty Collaborative Grants In order to encourage broad faculty support for the project and to forge sustainable interdisciplinary and international networks, we offer competitive grants of up to $20,000 for Washington University faculty that support collaborative work with colleagues locally and/or globally. The collaboration must involve a Humanities scholar and at least one other discipline, including, for example, Architecture, Urban Design, Landscape Architecture, Anthropology, Urban Studies, Economics, Psychology, Social Work, Public Health, Business, or Law. We are especially interested in projects that bring the Humanities into productive dialogue with Architecture and Urban Design. Faculty members may also partner with Washington University Libraries and with institutions (universities, museum, libraries) in the St. Louis area. As part of their collaborative work, faculty members are required either to produce a community-based public humanities project or to contribute material to our Divided City Online project (which can be a tool to implement your project plan or to publicize your project after its completion). Grants may be used to support the following:
i. Collaborative Research. Faculty may apply for grants to support collaborative research related to urban segregation/separation. Each funded project should include among its activities bringing a distinguished scholar to campus who has expertise in the relevant field of research. (Documentation should be included with the proposal that indicates the speaker has agreed to visit.) The visitor will deliver at least one public lecture that contributes to the broader Divided City Initiative. Videotapes of presentations will be archived for public use on the Divided City Online website. Collaborative research teams are strongly encouraged to include an international dimension to their project.
ii. Interdisciplinary Curriculum Development. Building on existing efforts at Washington University to encourage cross-school teaching, we will provide start-up funds for teaching replacement, summer salary (please note this is taxable), and work-study support in order for faculty to have the time and the resources to develop a cross-school and/or interdisciplinary course in the Urban Humanities. Our goal is for new classes to be developed, which can be integrated into existing department curricula, or for existing courses to be retooled as part of new cross-school curricular initiatives being spearheaded by the provost’s office. We are especially interested in the development of larger interdisciplinary and cross-school undergraduate courses that are team-taught and organized around broad themes such as segregation, housing, or urban poverty.
iii. Community Engagement. In order to build more ties between faculty research on St. Louis and the actual community of St. Louis, we will support Urban Humanities projects that forge sustainable connections with local K-12 schools, with St. Louis institutions such as the Saint Louis Art Museum, the Missouri History Museum, and the Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, as well as with community-based nonprofit organizations like Great Rivers Greenway and Habitat for Humanity.
b. Summer City Seminar. For three years of the grant, beginning in summer 2015, we are hosting a two-week seminar for 12 participants around one interdisciplinary theme in the Urban Humanities. Topics include private and public space, health, education and schools, mapping, and isolation. Each seminar will include two international scholars, two scholars from the U.S., and eight local participants. We intend for the local participants to include both faculty and graduate students from Washington University and neighboring campuses (University of Missouri–St. Louis, Saint Louis University, Webster University), as well as community representatives (St. Louis Public Schools, city government, Missouri History Museum, etc.). Our goal is to make the seminar as interdisciplinary, as comparative, and as global as possible, a place where urban planners, poets, art historians, GIS cartographers, ethnomusicologists, architects, and teachers, to name just a few, explore the Divided City. Through the summer seminar, we aim to build closer collaboration with international institutions and with neighboring universities. Each of the three Summer City Seminars will make direct contributions to the Divided City Online project.
c. Graduate Research Fellowships. Beginning in fall 2015, we will offer two fellowships each year — one in Architecture/Urban Design and one in the Humanities — for students undertaking graduate research related to the theme of segregation and the city.
d. Two Tenured/Tenure-Track Faculty Hires. Building on the momentum and the interdisciplinary knowledge generated in the first two years of the grant, Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design will each undertake a national search for a scholar of the Urban Humanities for appointment in the final year of the project (2017–18) of the grant. These two positions will build from our collaborative work and will help ensure the sustainability of the Urban Humanities.
a. Oral History Project on the Divided City. Under the direction and supervision of History Department faculty, four advanced undergraduate research seminars will undertake oral history work aimed at capturing daily life in the Divided City. The oral histories will form a special collection in our library and will be featured in the Divided City Online and in a local museum exhibit.
b. Public Life Survey. Public space is designed physically and is mediated by the environment and social and cultural practices. The Public Life Survey, building on the seminal work The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces by William H. Whyte, is a methodology based on observations, interviews, measurements, photography, and mapping to show how public spaces are actually used. Created on-site by a team of students with specific tasks, the three-day workshop produces a graphic description that can be compared with other cities. The survey’s goals are twofold: to better understand how public space is used (and misused), and to use this information to design new public spaces that contribute positively to the life of the city. Previously undertaken by only Architecture and Urban Design students, the addition of Humanities students and faculty brings an additional literacy and methodology to the history, sociology, and psychology of public-space research. This workshop targets one American site in the fall semester and one international site in the spring semester, resulting in a comparative graphic and discursive dictionary of the life of the public space. The results will be included in the museum exhibit and in the Divided City Online
Sample pages from previous Shanghai Public Life Survey, summer 2012
c. Digitizing Local Newspapers. There are several local African-American newspapers that provide unparalleled insight into the history of the metropolitan region. A new post-doctoral fellow (see below) will be centrally involved in the archiving of The St. Louis American, The Argus, The Evening Whirl, The Limelight, and The East St. Louis Monitor, as well as with processing the life survey and oral history work for a public audience (via the Divided City Online and the museum exhibit).
d. Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Archiving St. Louis. We will offer one two-year post-doctoral fellowship in the Urban Humanities in years three and four, which will be housed in the Washington University Library and will focus on the expansion of our special collections on St. Louis. We envision this fellowship as an opportunity for a recent Humanities PhD to gain skills and experience in archive development and data curation. The post-doctoral fellow will be centrally involved in the Archiving St. Louis projects.
a. The Divided City Online. We are developing an online, digital product that will make available the project’s outcomes and provide a global resource on segregation for scholars and teachers.
b. The Divided City in the St. Louis Public Schools. The “Alberti: Architecture for Young People” program currently brings over one hundred students from twenty-five different St. Louis public schools to campus each Saturday during the school year and for four weeks in the summer. As part of the Divided City Initiative, the Alberti program will devote two summers to the core themes of the Divided City (in years two and four). Faculty from both the Humanities and Architecture/Urban Design will participate as visiting lecturers, with a culminating program-end exhibition for students and families. Course and curriculum materials, as well as examples of student work, will become part of the Divided City Online, as well as the museum exhibit.
c. Museum Exhibit. A multimedia exhibit will be curated in year four by faculty, the post-doc, and students. The exhibition will showcase the work of the Divided City Initiative and will be mounted at a publically accessible local institution.
At the close of the Divided City Initiative in 2018, we intend for the Urban Humanities to be a core interdisciplinary strength at Washington University — across the schools and the disciplines. Its aims are to:
1. Enhance faculty interdisciplinary expertise through a broad range of collaborative research endeavors across our two schools and through the appointment of two tenured/tenure-track hires;
2. Nurture the next generation of Urban Humanities scholars, through graduate research support and interdisciplinary training, including in Urban Design;
3. Develop a set of interdisciplinary Humanities and Urban Design courses, which range from the foundational (thematic and cross-school) freshmen survey course to the advanced graduate seminar;
4. Create an interdisciplinary undergraduate minor in the Urban Humanities;
5. Make the Urban Humanities a signature program for our Center for the Humanities;
6. Create a Certificate in Urban Design for graduate students in the Humanities;
7. Develop and strengthen Urban Design research methods for analyzing how communities use and understand public space and infrastructure;
8. Greatly enhance the resources (online and archival) available for studying St. Louis’s past and present in a global framework;
9. Build stronger and more sustainable ties with local institutions (universities, K-12 schools, and museums);
10. Contribute to the rebuilding of the Sociology Department at Washington University and shape both its mission and its interdisciplinary reach;
11. Expand and deepen the global reach of the Humanities at Washington University, through Urban Humanities research collaboration and the Summer City Seminar; and
Finally, place the Humanities front and center in efforts to understand, analyze, and address the ongoing realities of segregation, inequality, and isolation in today’s global cities.
The Divided City Initiative constitutes a unique collaboration between the Center for the Humanities, which is housed in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, and the College of Architecture and Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design, which is located in the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts. Because we are crossing disciplines, departments, schools, and faculties with this initiative, we have developed a special structure for administrating the collaboration. The project itself is housed in and administratively supported by the Center for the Humanities and is co-directed by Center for the Humanities Director Jean Allman and Dean of the School of Architecture Bruce Lindsey. A committee of ten, who represent, institutionally, the main stakeholders in the project, advise them.
The two directors and ten advisory committee members are as follows:
JEAN ALLMAN (Director and PI) is the J.H. Hexter Professor in the Humanities and chair of the Department of History. She also holds appointments in African and African-American Studies and in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. Allman was recently appointed to a five-year term as the director of the Center for the Humanities. Before joining Washington University in St. Louis, Allman served as director of the University of Illinois’s Title VI Center for African Studies. Her research and published work have focused primarily on West African history, which she has approached through a range of thematically diverse, yet overlapping topics: nation and national identity, gender and colonialism, fashion and the politics of clothing, and the modernity and mobility of indigenous belief systems. The thread that runs through all of her work is a fundamental concern with the ways in which African women and men, in their homes and communities, in their belief systems and material cultures, have positioned themselves as central actors in the making of the globalized modern world.
Allman’s research has been supported by the ACLS, the SSRC, the Mellon Foundation, and Fulbright-Hays, among others. She is the author of The Quills of the Porcupine: Asante Nationalism in an Emergent Ghana, “I Will Not Eat Stone”: A Women’s History of Colonial Asante (with Victoria Tashjian), and Tongnaab: The History of a West African God (with John Parker), and has edited and introduced several collections, including Fashioning Africa: Power and the Politics of Dress. Allman’s articles have appeared in the American Historical Review, Journal of African History, Africa, Gender and History, the International Journal of African Historical Studies, Journal of Women’s History, History Workshop Journal, and Souls. For six years she edited the Journal of Women’s History with Antoinette Burton. She has also edited two internationally acclaimed book series with Allen Isaacman: Heinemann’s Social History of Africa series and Ohio University Press’s New African Histories series. Allman was born and raised in St. Louis and attended St. Louis public schools. She earned her BA and her PhD in African history at Northwestern University and has taught at the University of Missouri, the University of Minnesota, the University of Ghana, and the University of Illinois.
BRUCE LINDSEY (Director and PI), the E. Desmond Lee Professor for Community Collaboration, is dean of the College of Architecture and the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design in the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts. As a teacher and administrator, Lindsey has made significant contributions to beginning design education, sustainable design education, and community design education. He began his tenure as dean of Architecture at Washington University in November 2006, and since then launched a new Master of Landscape Architecture program (the first such program in the state of Missouri), strengthened community design programs, and enhanced environmental education at all levels. Design Intelligence named him one of its Most Admired Educators in 2009 and 2010.
Lindsey currently serves on the governance group for CityArchRiver 2015 Foundation, the nonprofit organization coordinating efforts to improve connections between Eero Saarinen’s iconic Gateway Arch, downtown St. Louis, and the Mississippi riverfront. From 2001–06 Lindsey served as head of Auburn University’s School of Architecture, and from 2002–06 he was the co-director of the acclaimed Rural Studio in Alabama. Lindsey’s research has focused on beginning design education, and digital tools and their application to design and construction. His book Digital Gehry: Material Resistance Digital Construction (Birkhauser, 2001) explores the use of technology in the design and delivery process of Frank Gehry’s architectural office. A native of Idaho, Lindsey earned a bachelor’s degree in art in 1976 and a master’s degree in sculpture and photography in 1979, both from the University of Utah. He earned his master’s in architecture from Yale University.
IVER BERNSTEIN is professor of History, professor of African and African-American Studies, and professor and director of American Culture Studies. He is a historian of the nineteenth-century United States, slavery and race in the Americas, and political culture, particularly in its violent and traumatic dimensions. His book The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War was recently published in a new edition and remains the authoritative history of that pivotal episode in American history. His forthcoming book, to be published by Oxford in 2016, is titled Stripes & Scars: How Americans Came to Fight a Bloody Civil War, and is a full-scale reconceptualization of the origins and significance of the Civil War that focuses on incest and the incest problematic as the most potent representation of what it meant for a human being to be debased and commodified, the thing most feared and perhaps desired in American political culture, lying at the core of the American discourse of race. He has published widely on subjects including Lincoln's body, slavery in New York, and, most recently, how we understand the traumatic violence of the four years of the U.S. Civil War in the context of four hundred years of North American slavery.
GERALD EARLY is the Merle Kling Professor of Modern Letters in the Department of English and professor in the African and African-American Studies program. He has served as director of the African and African-American Studies program, the American Culture Studies program, and the Center for the Humanities. He is currently the faculty director of the Henry Hampton Film Archive and the executive editor of The Common Reader, Washington University’s new interdisciplinary journal. His collections of essays include Tuxedo Junction: Essays on American Culture (1989); The Culture of Bruising: Essays on Prizefighting, Literature, and Modern American Culture, which won the 1994 National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism; This is Where I Came In: Essays on Black America in the 1960s (2003); and, most recently, A Level Playing Field: African American Athletes and the Republic of Sports (2011). He is also the author of Daughters: On Family and Fatherhood (1994). He was twice nominated for Grammy Awards for writing album liner notes.
His most recent edited books are the Best African American Essays 2010 with guest editor Randall Kennedy and Best African American Fiction 2010 with guest editor Nikki Giovanni. Both are part of the annual Best African American Essays and Best African American Fiction series published by Bantam Books, for which Early served as the series editor during the life of the series. His other anthologies include The Sammy Davis Jr. Reader (2001); Miles Davis and American Culture (2001); The Muhammad Ali Reader (1998); and Body Language: Writers on Sport (1998). He has served as a consultant on several of Ken Burns’s documentary films for PBS: Baseball, Jazz, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, The War, The Roosevelts: An Intimate History, and an upcoming film on the life of Jackie Robinson. Early is an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He serves on a number of nonprofit boards in St. Louis, including the Missouri History Museum, the Foundation Board of the St. Louis Public Library, Jazz St. Louis, and the Whitaker Foundation. He is also currently a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Humanities Center, where he enjoyed an appointment as the John Hope Franklin Fellow in 2001–02. He was nominated by President Obama to serve on the National Council on the Humanities, was confirmed by the Senate, and began his five-term in August 2013. He was awarded a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame in 2013.
MARGARET GARB is associate professor of American history. Garb’s research and teaching focus on the history of American cities, social reform, and urban politics from the Civil War through the twentieth century. She is especially interested in the relationships among spatial order, social change, and political struggles. Along with several recent articles on the history of urban planning, Garb is the author of City of American Dreams: A History of Home Ownership and Housing Reform in Chicago, 1871–1919 (2005) and Freedom’s Ballot: Black Political Struggles in Chicago from Abolition to the Great Migration (2014). She was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in 2013 to study the origins of American urban planning and American imperialism in the Philippines.
CLARISSA RILE HAYWARD, a political theorist, is associate professor of political science. Her research and teaching focus on questions central to understanding and evaluating political life: "What is social power, and how does it shape human freedom?" "What does democratic government entail, and what are its practical and institutional implications?" "How do social actors create and maintain identities?" Hayward approaches these problems by examining their concrete manifestations, writing theoretical work that is grounded in the analysis of institutions and practices. The result is an engaged form of political theory, addressed not only to other specialists in the field, but more generally to social and political theorists, social scientists, and others who are concerned with questions of power, democracy, and identity. Hayward's most recent book, How Americans Make Race: Stories, Institutions, Spaces (Cambridge University Press, 2013), was the winner of the American Political Science Association's prize for the Best Book in Urban Politics. Drawing on in-depth historical analyses of the development of racialized identities and spaces in the twentieth-century United States, and also on life-narratives collected from people who live in racialized urban and suburban spaces, Hayward shows how the institutionalization and objectification of racial identity-stories enables their practical reproduction, lending them resilience in the face of challenge and critique. In addition to How Americans Make Race, Hayward is the author of De-Facing Power (Cambridge University Press, 2000) and co-editor (with Todd Swanstrom) of Justice and the American Metropolis (University of Minnesota Press, 2011). She has published many articles in edited volumes and in journals, such as the American Political Science Review, Constellations, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Polity, and Political Theory. Her research has been supported by the National Academy of Education/Spencer Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.
JOHN HOAL is the chair of the Master’s of Urban Design program and an associate professor of architecture and urban design at the Graduate School of Architecture at Washington University in St. Louis. He also holds a faculty fellowship at the Institute for Public Health for his research, practice, and advocacy of sustainable urbanism. In addition, Hoal is the founding principal of H3 Studio Inc., a national and international planning, design, and research firm based in St. Louis, with additional offices in Johannesburg, South Africa.
He began his professional career in South Africa, where he worked in both the private and public sector on major large-scale urban design projects as well as residential and institutional projects. In the U.S., he co-founded the City of St. Louis’s first Urban Design Department in 1990, and between 1993 and 2000 was the director of urban design for the City of St. Louis. He subsequently founded H3 Studio in 2000. The projects Hoal has led have received over 60 design and planning awards at the local, state, and national level, including 10 national awards. His work has been published in professional magazines such as Landscape Architecture, Places: A Forum of Environmental Design, Planning, and Urban Land. He has been interviewed on ABC’s Nightline and National Public Radio as an urban design and development expert. In addition, Hoal was the director of the Mayors’ Institute on City Design: Midwest for five years, a program sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts to educate city mayors on the importance of urban design in the development process. Hoal holds a professional architecture degree from the University of Natal, South Africa; a commerce degree in urban and regional development from the University of South Africa; and, from Washington University in St. Louis, a master’s of architecture and urban design, a master of arts, and a PhD. Hoal is a registered architect in South Africa and a certified planner in the U.S. He was a Fulbright Scholar from 1987–89.
FRANCES LEVINE joined the Missouri History Museum as president in 2014. Previously, she had served as the director of the New Mexico History Museum since 2002. Her background is in ethnohistory or “the study of history through the cultures and voices of participants.” She also has a strong background in the history of westward expansion. As leader of the New Mexico History Museum, Levine led the successful reconfiguration and complete expansion of the Palace of Governors campus to the present, award-winning New Mexico History Museum campus, adding a 96,000 square-foot building in the downtown historic district.
Levine has extensive experience working in a public-private partnership, leading an institution that is accountable to both taxpayers and private donors. As director of the New Mexico History Museum, she served under the New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs, reporting to the Secretary of Cultural Affairs. She also served as co-chair of the New Mexico History Museum Development Team, in conjunction with members of the Board of Trustees of the Museum of New Mexico Foundation. A native of Connecticut, Levine received her B.A. in anthropology from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in anthropology from Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Prior to her work at the New Mexico History Museum, she served as the assistant dean of Academic Affairs for Arts and Sciences at Santa Fe Community College (New Mexico). At the college, she taught classes in New Mexico history and the ethnohistory of the Pueblo and Hispanic communities of the Southwest.
ERIC PAUL MUMFORD is professor of architectural history in the College of Architecture and the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design in the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis, where he also holds courtesy appointments in the Department of the Art History and Archaeology and in the Department of History. He has published two academic books, The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928–1960 (MIT Press, 2000) and Defining Urban Design: CIAM Architects and the Formation of a Discipline, 1937–1969 (Yale University Press, 2009). He has also edited three books and published over fifteen scholarly articles and other publications, including a textbook, Urbanism since 1850, currently in process with Yale University Press. He is a licensed architect and has extensive experience as a design juror, peer reviewer, conference organizer, and invited lecturer. Mumford has taught at Washington University since 1994, and has also been an invited visiting professor in Urban Planning and Design at the Harvard Graduate School of Design and Columbia University, and in the History of Art and Architecture at Harvard University. In 2013 he was an invited Fulbright Specialist at the Pontifica Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, and he has lectured widely internationally since 1998. He is a member of the MIT Global Architectural History Teaching Consortium, and on the editorial board of the Journal of Architectural Education for 2014–17. He was chair of the Harvard Graduate School of Design Visiting Committee from 2010–14. He grew up in Ohio and earned a bachelor’s degree in history at Harvard College in 1980, a master’s degree in architecture from MIT in 1983, and a PhD in architecture from Princeton University in 1996.
REBECCA WANZO is associate professor in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies and associate director of the Center for the Humanities at Washington University in St. Louis. Her research areas include African-American literature and culture, cultural studies, theories of affect, popular culture, feminist theory, and critical race theory. Her book, The Suffering Will Not Be Televised: African American Women and Sentimental Political Storytelling (SUNY, 2009) uses African-American women as a case study to explore the kinds of narrative conventions of suffering people need to be attentive to for their suffering to be legible to the state and other kinds of communities. She has published essays on a wide range of topics including African-American women in film and television, political discourse in graphic storytelling, and “post”–civil rights era discourse. She is currently part of the Modern Segregation project at Washington University, which examines the theoretical, structural, and historical issues shaping contemporary segregation.
CAROL CAMP YEAKEY is the founding director of the Interdisciplinary Program in Urban Studies and the Center on Urban Research and Public Policy at Washington University in St. Louis, where she holds faculty appointments as professor in Urban Studies, International and Area Studies, Education, and American Culture Studies. She has been a Rockefeller Fellow in the Department of Psychology at Yale University and a Dartmouth Fellow in the Department of Sociology at Dartmouth College, and has been appointed a senior research scientist at the Kellogg Foundation, the Children's Defense Fund, the Josiah Macy Foundation, and the Eli Lilly Foundation, among others. Living on the Boundaries: Urban Marginality in National and International Contexts (2012) and the two volumes of Urban Ills: Twenty-first Century Complexities of Urban Living in Global Contexts (2013) are her recent anthologies. Forthcoming authored volumes Up from Rust? The Promise and Peril of Urban Renewal and 'No Place to Be Somebody:' Detroit, Michigan in Transition are contracted for release in 2016 and 2018, respectively. In spring 2014 she will deliver invited lectures at the University of São Paulo (Brazil) and the University of Paris-Sorbonne on urban marginality in international contexts.
 The Humanities at Washington University include the discipline-based departments of Art History and Archaeology; Classics; East Asian Languages and Cultures; English; Germanic Languages and Literatures; History; Jewish, Islamic, and Near Eastern Languages and Cultures; Music; Performing Arts; Philosophy; and Romance Languages and Literatures, as well as humanistic research and teaching in a range of interdisciplinary programs: African and African American Studies, American Culture Studies, Comparative Literature; Film and Media Studies, International and Area Studies, Religious Studies, Urban Studies, and Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies.
The Center for the Humanities, in partnership with the College and Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design, is pleased to announce an ongoing funding opportunity for tenure-track and tenured faculty, as part of our interdisciplinary initiative on The Divided City. We are awarding multiple grants of up to $20,000 each in support of collaborative research, community engagement, and/or curriculum development on urban segregation broadly conceived. Currently, we have six faculty proposals funded, covering a broad range of topics. You can read more about those projects on the Divided City website. Please download the call for proposals (below) and application cover sheet (below). Applications for the second round of funding are due February 15, 2016. Proposals will be selected by March 21, 2016, and funding will begin April 1, 2016.
- Application cover sheet (download above)
- Project narrative
- Statement of project's relevance
- Abbreviated CVs
- Letter of recommendation (can be sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org)